As the Cradle of Mankind, as ancient Africa is believed to be, this continent would have experienced the human race’s first civilisations. These civilisations demanded organisation and a political hierarchy, despite the fact that the human beings of the time were not as technologically or socially advanced as the current population is thought to be.
The dominant civilisation was not elected to be in power. Rather, it was successful as a result of victorious wars, forcing inferior or weaker nations out of a specific area or migrations. As each society dominated at any given time, they developed their own military, social and technological systems. These fortified a foundation for each successive power from which to build and grow further. This led to the development of the countries and cultures that exist to this day.
These civilisations comprise:
Ancient Egypt – This civilisation was significant in terms of the entire history of the world and Christianity. Many Biblical accounts were based in Ancient Egypt and the political powers of the day remain notable and relevant amongst historians and politicians. This civilisation existed along the Nile River, which sustained it and held religious significance for these people.
Carthage – This civilisation was based in what is today known as Tunisia. This empire was one of the largest and longest of the Mediterranean region.
Numidia – This civilisation extended between 201 BCE (Before our Common Era) and 46 BCE; that is, for over 150 years. Eventually, it was placed under Roman rule.
Nubia – This Empire was also situated in North Africa, just south of Egypt. It comprised the kingdoms of Kush, Kerma and Meroe.
While many other societies of people lived in and moved around the vast continent of Africa, it was these that occupied its largest territories for long enough and with enough power to make their mark on the annals of African history.
For more information, please view: http://wysinger.homestead.com/ancientafrica.html